All You Need to Know About Employer Payroll Taxes

In this article, we'll explore the vital role of "employer payroll taxes" in business financial planning. We'll discuss the concept, purpose, and types of these taxes to emphasize their significance in managing a company's finances. Recuitery's aim is to enhance your understanding of employer payroll taxes and their importance in business financial management.

Definition of Employer Payroll Taxes

employer payroll taxes

Employer payroll taxes, or corporate taxes, are vital for businesses. They fund social programs, healthcare, unemployment benefits, and more through payments to the government.

Purpose of Employer Payroll Taxes

The primary purposes of employer payroll taxes are:

  • Safeguarding Employee Rights: Employer payroll taxes fund social security, unemployment insurance, and other welfare programs for employees. These programs ensure social security for workers when they face life challenges like unemployment, illness, maternity leave, and more.

  • Contribution to Socio Economic Development: These taxes are key to government revenue, supporting education, healthcare, infrastructure, and national development.

Types of Employer Payroll Taxes

Central Provident Fund (CPF)

In Singapore, employers only need to pay one type of payroll tax, known as Central Provident Fund (CPF). This fund serves as the social security system in Singapore.

1. Social Security Tax in Singapore

Contribution Rates: Both employers and employees contribute to CPF. The employer's contribution is 17% of the employee's gross monthly wage, capped at 6,000 SGD per month. The employee's contribution is 20% of the gross monthly wage, also capped at 6,000 SGD per month.

2. Other Taxes

In addition to CPF, Singapore employers may need to pay other taxes like Goods and Services Tax (GST), which are not considered employee payroll taxes.

3. Comparison with Vietnam

In Vietnam, employers must deal with more types of payroll taxes, including mandatory social insurance, unemployment insurance, and personal income tax. The contribution rates for these taxes in Vietnam are also higher compared to Singapore.

Calculating and Recording Employer Payroll Taxes

Are you struggling to calculate and record employer payroll taxes in Singapore? Recruitery will help you solve this problem.

1. Calculation Method

In Singapore, CPF is calculated based on the employee's minimum wage. Employers pay 17%, capped at 6,000 SGD/month, and employees contribute 20%, also capped at 6,000 SGD/month.

For instance, if a Singaporean employee earns a 5,000 SGD monthly basic wage, the employer and employee CPF contributions are as follows:

| Employer | Employee |


| 17% * 5,000 SGD | 20% * 5,000 SGD |

| 850 SGD | 1,000 SGD |

2. Forms and Related Reports

In Singapore, employers are responsible for preparing and submitting various forms and reports related to employee payroll taxes, including:

  • Wage and income declaration forms for employees.

  • Social security, unemployment, and healthcare insurance contribution statements for employees.

3. Deadlines and Payment Periods

Employers must adhere to the monthly payment deadlines for CPF to avoid penalties.

Consequences of Non-Compliance with Employer Payroll Taxes

Tax penalties and fines

Consequences of non-compliance with employer payroll taxes in Singapore:

  • Penalties and Fines: Employers can face administrative penalties and even criminal liability for severe violations.

  • Impact on the Company and Employees: Non-compliance harms the company's reputation and burdens employees financially.

Specifically, the consequences of non-compliance with employer payroll taxes in Singapore include:

  • Administrative fines of up to 5,000 SGD for each violation.

  • Criminal prosecution for serious violations.

  • The obligation to pay backdated payroll taxes along with interest and penalties.

  • Employee wage deductions or loss of social security benefits if employers fail to fulfill their tax obligations.

To avoid these repercussions, Singaporean employers should diligently adhere to the tax regulations.

Strategies for Managing Employer Payroll Taxes

There are several strategies that employers in Singapore can employ to effectively manage employer payroll taxes, including:

  • Leveraging Payroll Software: Payroll software automates precise and timely tax calculations and submissions.

  • Consulting Financial Experts: Financial experts can provide guidance on tax regulations and offer tailored advice.

  • Ensuring Legal Compliance: Employers need to stay updated on the latest tax regulations and ensure full compliance.

Recent Changes and the Future of Employer Payroll Taxes in Singapore

In recent years, there have been several changes to employer payroll taxes in Singapore, including:

  • Higher CPF Rates: Recent years saw CPF rates rise, with employers going from 16% to 17% in 2021, and employees from 20% to 21% in 2022.

  • Expansion of CPF Applicability: The scope of CPF has expanded to include self-employed individuals. Starting in 2022, self-employed individuals are also subject to CPF contributions.

  • Changes in CPF Calculation Method: CPF calculation methods have been adjusted for simplification, basing contributions on the employee's actual wages rather than the minimum wage.


Employer payroll taxes are a crucial tax category for employers and employees in any country. Recuitery hopes that this article can provide the latest information on employer payroll taxes to ensure legal compliance and the enjoyment of their rights for employees.