What is NLP? 5 Popular NLP Techniques

NLP might still be an unfamiliar term to many. So, what is NLP, and what benefits does it bring? Let's find out through this article by Recruitery.

What is the Concept of NLP?

the definition of NLP

NLP is a rule of human brain activity. Source: Broke and Chic

NLP, or Neuro-Linguistic Programming, is a method that studies and applies the rules governing brain activity, language, and human behavior. NLP helps us gain better self-understanding, communicate more effectively, and make positive changes in our lives. NLP comprises three main components:

  • Neuro: Relates to how the brain receives, stores, and processes information.
  • Linguistic: Concerns how language affects our thinking, emotions, and behavior.
  • Programming: Involves models, techniques, and strategies to develop new habits, skills, and beliefs.

Where Does NLP Originate?

NLP was developed in the 1970s by two researchers, Richard Bandler and John Grinder. They observed and emulated the exceptional communication skills of successful individuals across various fields and discovered patterns of language and behavior that could be learned and replicated by anyone.

Key Components of NLP

principles of NLP

In addition to understanding the definition of NLP, it's crucial to know that NLP comprises three primary components:


NLP asserts that each person has a unique subjective world shaped by how we filter, transform, and interpret information from the objective world. NLP helps us perceive and alter our subjective world to achieve desired outcomes.


NLP distinguishes between two levels of human consciousness: conscious and unconscious. Awareness encompasses the part of the brain capable of reasoning, analysis, and decision-making, while the unconscious stores, processes, and controls information, skills, experiences, and beliefs. NLP posits that the unconscious is a hidden source of human power that can be accessed, activated, and utilized through NLP techniques.


NLP views learning as an ongoing, creative, and adaptable process. NLP encourages learning from individuals who excel in fields we wish to develop by emulating their psychological, linguistic, and behavioral patterns. It also facilitates learning from personal experiences through self-reflection, self-assessment, and self-improvement.

Principles of NLP

NLP operates based on five core principles:

  • Know your outcome
  • Take action
  • Sensory Acuity
  • Behavioral Flexibility
  • Physiology of Excellence

NLP Techniques

techniques of NLP

NLP encompasses various techniques to facilitate changes in our maps, outcomes, intentions, choices, and body-mind. Some popular NLP techniques include:

Mirror Technique

Mimicking another person's body language, tone of voice, and words to establish rapport and trust.

Anchoring Technique

Associating an external stimulus with an internal psychological state to recreate it when needed.

Reframing Technique

Altering the meaning of an event or behavior to elicit new emotions and actions.

Reinterpretation Technique

Restating another person's message in your words to ensure understanding and resolve disagreements.

Goal-Setting Technique

Identifying and pursuing clear, measurable, attractive, realistic, and time-bound goals

Benefits of NLP

NLP offers numerous advantages for individuals and businesses, such as:

For Individuals

  • Boosting confidence and persuasive abilities.
  • Improving communication, negotiation, and conflict resolution skills.
  • Fostering creative thinking, flexibility, and problem-solving.
  • Transforming negative habits, beliefs, and values.
  • Enhancing goal orientation, planning, and progress tracking.
  • Improving health, reducing stress, and achieving work-life balance.

For Businesses

  • Enhancing work efficiency and product/service quality.
  • Cultivating a positive, collaborative, and innovative corporate culture.
  • Building strong relationships with customers, partners, and employees.
  • Developing leadership, management, and coaching skills.
  • Increasing revenue, profits, and market share.

So, what is NLP? It's a transformative journey toward self-discovery, enhanced communication, and boundless potential. Recruitery hopes this article is helpful to you.


Neuro–Linguistic Programming (goodtherapy.org)